All modern trends https://www.julianalucky.com/, one way or another, are based on 4 ancient varieties of Indian practices:
Hatha yoga. The goals of the classes are achieved through special breathing exercises (pranayama) and performing asanas (static postures);
Raja Yoga (Janyan). The technique is centered on meditations and exercises for the mind;
Bhakti yoga. All actions are aimed at achieving enlightenment;
Karma yoga. Practice involves doing any exercise aimlessly and disinterestedly.
Understanding the essence of these types allows us to consider the modern trends that have developed on their basis:
Iyengar. The main thing is the detailed tuning of each pose, during which many auxiliary objects and materials are used. Iyengar classes have several levels of difficulty. At the same time, for absolute “zeros” in yogic culture, preliminary theoretical lessons are required. In addition, there are classes for the elderly and for pregnant women.
Mysore. The easiest and safest practice. Here you can perform movements at your own pace, take breaks and repeat asanas a convenient number of times.
Ashtanga. Dynamic and rich practice. The session includes a sequence of several postures that last for 5 breath cycles.
Bikram. A set of exercises for stretching and strengthening muscles is performed, consisting of 26 asanas. At the same time, each previous posture prepares the body for the next more difficult one, and the air in the practice room is heated to remove toxins from the body (like in a sauna).
Kundalini. Designed to support and restore the spine. In addition to asanas, it includes breathing practices and meditation.
Vinyasa flow. Intensive program without immersion in theory.
Hatha. There are no breathing techniques and meditations, but only asanas. The task of practice is maximum physical activity.
Yin. The duration of being in one position when performing this complex can reach 10 minutes. The technique develops flexibility, relieves stiffness in the muscles and increases the elasticity of the ligaments. The direction is ideal for a sedentary lifestyle.
This is a small part of the existing styles and types. There are plenty of directions. But they all share one principle: they involve improving the body, getting rid of stress and relaxation. Beginners tend to choose the practices of Hatha and Ashtanga, considering them the easiest. However, experts advise to study all the currents in order to determine the purpose of training.